POW/MIA issue headlines...


Sen. John McCain and Our Vietnam POWs

Multiple Articles Below of Fact, Duplicity, Deception

Reprinted here, as distributed to followers of the POW/MIA issue

by an organization of family members of those still POW & MIA.

  POW/MIA Truth Squad – Earlier this year we stated we would not let anyone lie about the POW/MIA issue.   On Friday, September 26th, Senator John McCain made the following comment, televised on all the major networks. 

According to Senator McCain, “….I embarked on an effort to resolve the POW-MIA issue, which we did in a bipartisan fashion, and then I worked on normalization of relations between our two countries so that our veterans could come all the way home.” (Source CNN Transcript)

Senator McCain has obviously forgotten the conclusion of the Senate Select Committee on POW/MIA Affairs which stated in part:  “There is evidence; moreover, that indicates the possibility of survival, at least for a small number, after Operation Homecoming.”   

We’ve got a flash for Senator McCain.   The POW/MIA issue is far from being resolved.    The information on the 59 Possible POWs found within the records of Senate Committee investigators but omitted from the final report proves that far more must be done before the POW/MIA issue is resolved.   Imagine the reaction if this one sentence, from the August 17, 1992 memo based on the work of staff investigations, had been included in the committee’s final report:

“Today, Defense Department files contain evidence that at least 59 Americans were -- or may have been -- taken prisoner and their precise fate is still unclear.”  

For more on the 59 servicemen considered as possible POWs in 1973 visit www.nationalalliance.org/59/index.htm

John LeBoutillier is a former U.S. Congressman and very, long-time advocate and outspoken voice of the POW/MIA issue.
  The below is from an email distributed to issue advocates on 9/5/08 by the POW/MIA family organization, National Alliance of Families.
By: John LeBoutillier
John McCain has every right to play the POW card. Five and a half years in various North Vietnamese POW camps is a major part of John’s life, and if he chooses now to bring it up on the campaign trail, and to highlight it in his convention speech, who can deny him the right?
Lately, the media has been getting on him over this. Back in the 2000 campaign he would discuss his Vietnam years. Now, since Steve Schmidt, a former Karl Rove deputy, has taken over, suddenly both the campaign and McCain himself invoke his POW past in virtually every setting — from fielding questions from Jay Leno to  answering questions about how many houses he owns. 
Clearly, Schmidt knows that McCain’s distinguished military record is an invaluable asset, especially in a campaign during wartime against someone who never wore the uniform.
The GOP’s use of McCain’s fellow former POWs in St. Paul was masterfully done. They were a part of each speech and added much to flesh out the inspirational story of McCain’s imprisonment. 
But McCain has opened the door to something he may not want to brag about: the U.S. Senate dealing with the issue of living U.S. POWs left behind at the end of the Vietnam War.
On this issue McCain and his campaign spokesmen remain silent. 
And for good reason.  As detailed in "An Enormous Crime: The Definitive Account of American POWs Abandoned in Southeast Asia," by former U.S. Rep Bill Hendon and Elizabeth Stewart (Thomas Dunne Books/St. Martins Press), a 2007 New York Times best seller, many U.S. government officials, Republican and Democrat, have ignored this emotional issue.
To keep it simple: McCain and others on the U.S. Senate Select Committee on POWs in 1991-1992 failed to acknowledge evidence brought to them from the DIA, the CIA, and other USG intelligence agencies. This evidence showed that U.S. POWs in 1992, 19 years after McCain and his group of POWs came home, were still laying down their names and "escape and evasion" codes in rice paddies and trails  and fields adjacent to their prisons. 
These authenticator codes, unique to each U.S. airman shot down (similar to a bank PIN code featured a combination of letters and numbers.
McCain was shown aerial and satellite images of these signals, which basically mean, “I am alive! Please come and get me!” 
In his convention speech last night Sen. McCain was repeatedly interrupted with shouts of “ USA! USA! USA!”  Well, one of the most startling escape and evasion codes captured by an American satellite in 1988 was a gigantic USA, with a letter K (known as a "walking K") underneath it, placed by a downed American pilot in Laos 15 years after the end of the Vietnam War. This photograph is on the cover of "An Enormous Crime." 
McCain was also shown transcripts of intercepted Laotian military radio transmissions in which communist Pathet Lao soldiers discuss the movement of “American prisoners.”
And he was shown over 900 first-hand, live-sighting reports of U.S. POWs held against their will in both Laos and Vietnam.
Did McCain, a decorated and heroic former POW, jump up and use his clout and status to demand that everything possible be done to rescue these men?
Instead he played politics to help an embattled President George H.W. Bush try to defeat Ross Perot, a strong POW advocate, and Bill Clinton. 
In effect, McCain the so-called “man of integrity, honor and character” who says he always puts country first, abandoned these men to a cruel fate. Their cries for help went unanswered.

From the National Alliance of Families, June 2008

What Our Old Friend Senator Bob Smith Had to Say Regarding POWs Taken to China – “I spent all 18 years of my career saying and uncovering and showing documentation that the Chinese had taken US POWS from the Korean War.  When I visited North Korea in the early 90's their Vice Foreign Minister, Kong Sok Chu, when I asked him if the North Koreans had taken any US prisoners at the end of the armistice answered as follows: "The Chinese manned the American POW camps in Korea and the Chinese guards took them across the border into China during and at the end of the war."  I asked if they were still there and he said, "of course." Not one media outlet gave a c**p and we again brought it up during the Select Committee hearings and no one in the government or the media paid any attention, that is, except those who mocked me and said we were nuts (like John McCain for instance!).  The Russian archives are full of intelligence about this.  As Norm Kass knows we brought back thousands of documents from Russia on this and other matters and gave them to the government never to be seen again.  It is a shameful chapter in American history that we wrote guys off from the Cold War, Korea and Viet Nam which is why the documents are being held back from the public to protect those spineless cowards at the highest levels of government who covered it all up.   Senator Bob

From the National Alliance of Families, Jan. 2008

Truth Squads – If you’ve been watching the news and reading newspapers lately you have heard a lot about “truth squads.”   Well, we have our own kind of truth squad.   Anytime a politician, regardless of party, makes a statement regarding the POW/MIA issue that is misleading or untrue, we feel obligated to correct the record.
Such is the case with a statement made by Senator John McCain.   According to an article by Todd J. Gillman, published January 19th in the Dallas Morning News, Senator McCain is quoted as stating: “There is a record of the POW-MIA commission which unanimously reported that there is no compelling evidence that there's Americans alive in Southeast Asia .  I'm proud of the work that we did on a bipartisan basis.  The recognition of Vietnam . I'm proud of my record there."
The “POW-MIA commission” Senator McCain refers to is well known to our readers as the Senate Select Committee on POW/MIA Affairs.   Equally well known to our readers is the most important conclusion of that committee.
The following comes directly from the committee's report, published January 13, 1993.
[Begin Quote] -- "In 1976, the Montgomery Committee concluded that because there was no evidence that missing Americans had survived, they must be dead. In 1977, a Defense Department official said that the distinction between Americans still listed as "POW" and those listed as "missing" had become "academic". Nixon, Ford and Carter Administration officials all dismissed the possibility that American POWs had survived in Southeast Asia after Operation Homecoming."
"This Committee has uncovered evidence that precludes it from taking the same view. We acknowledge that there is no proof that U.S. POWs survived, but neither is there proof that all of those who did not return had died. There is evidence, moreover, that indicates the possibility of survival, at least for a small number, after Operation Homecoming:
First, there are the Americans known or thought possibly to have been alive in captivity who did not come back; we cannot dismiss the chance that some of these known prisoners remained captive past Operation Homecoming.
Second, leaders of the Pathet Lao claimed throughout the war that they were holding American prisoners in Laos . Those claims were believed--and, up to a point, validated--at the time; they cannot be dismissed summarily today.
Third, U.S. defense and intelligence officials hoped that forty or forty-one prisoners captured in Laos would be released at Operation Homecoming, instead of the twelve who were actually repatriated. These reports were taken seriously enough at the time to prompt recommendations by some officials for military action aimed at gaining the release of the additional prisoners thought to be held.
Fourth, information collected by U.S. intelligence agencies during the last 19 years, in the form of live-sighting, hearsay, and other intelligence reports, raises questions about the possibility that a small number of unidentified U.S. POWs who did not return may have survived in captivity.
Finally, even after Operation Homecoming and returnee debriefs, more than 70 Americans were officially listed as POWs based on information gathered prior to the signing of the peace agreement; while the remains of many of these Americans have been repatriated, the fates of some continue unknown to this day."
[End Quote]
McCain’s statement that “there is no compelling evidence that there's Americans alive in Southeast Asia” is a far cry from the committee’s conclusion: “…We acknowledge that there is no proof that U.S. POWs survived, but neither is there proof that all of those who did not return had died. There is evidence, moreover, that indicates the possibility of survival, at least for a small number, after Operation Homecoming….”  
We should all remember, and remind the media and anyone else who will listen, that John McCain signed the final report of the Senate Select Committee on POW/MIA Affairs, a report which stated; “There is evidence, moreover, that indicates the possibility of survival, at least for a small number, after Operation Homecoming….”  
We’d like to find the reporter that would ask the next question…. Senator McCain, what have you done since 1993 to help learn what happened to that “small number” with evidence that indicated “the possibility of survival?”  We all know the answer to that question…. Nothing!

The Schanberg article was published in the October 6, 2008 edition of  "The Nation"  in a condensed version  (Website author: my apologies for the formatting errors.)

It may be found at http://www.thenation.com/doc/20081006/schanberg  

The full version emailed to you  may be found at


      Sydney H. Schanberg, a journalist for nearly 50 years, has written extensively on foreign affairs--particularly Asia--and on domestic issues such as ethics, racial problems, government secrecy, corporate excesses

      and the weaknesses of the national media.   Most of his journalism career has been spent on newspapers but his  award-winning work has also appeared widely in other publications and  media. The 1984 movie, The Killing Fields, which won several Academy Awards, was based on his book The Death and Life of Dith Pran - a memoir of his experiences covering the war in Cambodia for the New York Times and of his relationship with his Cambodian colleague, Dith Pran.  

      For his accounts of the fall of Cambodia to the Khmer Rouge in 1975,  Schanberg was awarded the Pulitzer Prize for international reporting "at  great risk." He is also the recipient of many other awards - including two

      George Polk awards, two Overseas Press Club awards and the Sigma Delta Chi prize for distinguished journalism.


McCain and the POW Cover-up, provided this website on 9/17/08 from the National Alliance of Families

      The “war hero” candidate buried information about POWs left behind in Vietnam

      By Sydney H. Schanberg

               John McCain, who has risen to political prominence on his image as a Vietnam POW war hero, has, inexplicably, worked very hard to hide from the  public stunning information about American prisoners in Vietnam who,

      unlike him, didn't return home. Throughout his Senate career, McCain has quietly sponsored and pushed into federal law a set of prohibitions that keep the most revealing information about these men buried as classified

      documents. Thus the war hero who people would logically imagine as a determined crusader for the interests of POWs and their families became instead the strange champion of hiding the evidence and closing the books.

              Almost as striking is the manner in which the mainstream press has shied from reporting the POW story and McCain's role in it, even as the Republican Party has made McCain's military service the focus of his

      presidential campaign. Reporters who had covered the Vietnam War turned their heads and walked in other directions. McCain doesn't talk about the missing men, and the press never asks him about them.

              The sum of the secrets McCain has sought to hide is not small. There exists a telling mass of official documents, radio intercepts, witness depositions, satellite photos of rescue symbols that pilots were trained

      to use, electronic messages from the ground containing the individual code numbers given to airmen, a rescue mission by a special forces unit that was aborted twice by Washington —and even sworn testimony by two Defense

      secretaries that "men were left behind." This imposing body of evidence suggests that a large number—the documents indicate probably hundreds—of the US prisoners held by Vietnam were not returned when the peace treaty

      was signed in January 1973 and Hanoi released 591 men, among them Navy combat pilot John S. McCain.  

      Mass of Evidence

              The Pentagon had been withholding significant information from POW families for years. What's more, the Pentagon's POW/MIA operation had been publicly shamed by internal whistleblowers and POW families for holding

      back documents as part of a policy of "debunking" POW intelligence even when the information was obviously credible.

                     The pressure from the families and Vietnam veterans finally forced the creation, in late 1991, of a Senate Select Committee on POW/MIA Affairs. The chairman was John Kerry. McCain, as a former POW, was its most pivotal

      member. In the end, the committee became part of the debunking machine. 

                      One of the sharpest critics of the Pentagon's performance was an insider, Air Force Lieut. Gen. Eugene Tighe, who headed the Defense Intelligence Agency (DIA) during the 1970s. He openly challenged the Pentagon's

      position that no live prisoners existed, saying that the evidence proved otherwise. McCain was a bitter opponent of Tighe, who was eventually pushed into retirement.

                     Included in the evidence that McCain and his government allies suppressed or sought to discredit is a transcript of a senior North Vietnamese general's briefing of the Hanoi politburo, discovered in Soviet archives

      by an American scholar in 1993. The briefing took place only four months before the 1973 peace accords. The general, Tran Van Quang, told the politburo members that Hanoi was holding 1,205 American prisoners but

      would keep many of them at war's end as leverage to ensure getting war reparations from Washington .

                       Throughout the Paris negotiations, the North Vietnamese tied the prisoner issue tightly to the issue of reparations. They were adamant in refusing to deal with them separately. Finally, in a February 2, 1973, formal

      letter to Hanoi 's premier, Pham Van Dong, Nixon pledged $3.25 billion in "postwar reconstruction" aid "without any political conditions." But he also attached to the letter a codicil that said the aid would be

      implemented by each party "in accordance with its own constitutional provisions." That meant Congress would have to approve the appropriation, and Nixon and Kissinger knew well that Congress was in no mood to do so.

      The North Vietnamese, whether or not they immediately understood the double-talk in the letter, remained skeptical about the reparations promise being honored – and it never was. Hanoi thus appears to have held

      back prisoners—just as it had done when the French were defeated at Dien Bien Phu in 1954 and withdrew their forces from Vietnam . In that case, France paid ransoms for prisoners and brought them home.

                          In a private briefing in 1992, high-level CIA officials told me that as the years passed and the ransom never came, it became more and more difficult for either government to admit that it knew from the start about

      the unacknowledged prisoners. Those prisoners had not only become useless as bargaining chips but also posed a risk to Hanoi 's desire to be accepted into the international community. The CIA officials said their

      intelligence indicated strongly that the remaining men—those who had not died from illness or hard labor or torture—were eventually executed.

                          My own research, detailed below, has convinced me that it is not likely that more than a few—if any—are alive in captivity today. (That CIA briefing at the agency's Langley , Virginia , headquarters was conducted

      "off the record," but because the evidence from my own reporting since then has brought me to the same conclusion, I felt there was no longer any point in not writing about the meeting.)

                          For many reasons, including the absence of a political constituency for the missing men other than their families and some veterans' groups, very few Americans are aware of the POW story and of McCain's role in keeping

      it out of public view and denying the existence of abandoned POWs. That is because McCain has hardly been alone in his campaign to hide the scandal.

                          The Arizona Senator, now the Republican candidate for President, has actually been following the lead of every White House since Richard Nixon's and thus of every CIA director, Pentagon chief and national

      security advisor, not to mention Dick Cheney, who was George H. W. Bush's defense secretary. Their biggest accomplice has been an indolent press, particularly in Washington .  

      McCain's Role

      The Truth Bill

                          An early and critical McCain secrecy move involved 1990 legislation that started in the House of Representatives. A brief and simple document, it was called "the Truth Bill" and would have

      compelled complete transparency about prisoners and missing men. Its core sentence reads: "[The] head of each department or agency which holds or receives any records and information, including live-sighting reports,

      which have been correlated or possibly correlated to United States personnel listed as prisoner of war or missing in action from World War  II, the Korean conflict and the Vietnam conflict, shall make available to

      the public all such records held or received by that department or agency."

       The McCain Bill

      DOD cites the McCain Bill in denying a FOIA request

                          Bitterly opposed by the Pentagon (and thus McCain), the bill went nowhere. Reintroduced the following year, it again disappeared. But a few months later, a new measure, known as "the McCain

      Bill," suddenly appeared. By creating a bureaucratic maze from which only a fraction of the documents could emerge—only records that revealed no POW secrets—it turned the Truth Bill on its head. (See one example, at left,

      when the Pentagon cited McCain's bill in rejecting a FOIA request.) The McCain bill became law in 1991 and remains so today. So crushing to transparency are its provisions that it actually spells out for the

      Pentagon and other agencies several rationales, scenarios and justifications for not releasing any information at all—even about prisoners discovered alive in captivity. Later that year, the Senate

      Select Committee was created, where Kerry and McCain ultimately worked together to bury evidence.

                          McCain was also instrumental in amending the Missing Service Personnel Act, which had been strengthened in 1995 by POW advocates to include criminal penalties, saying: "Any government official who knowingly and

      willfully withholds from the file of a missing person any information relating to the disappearance or whereabouts and status of a missing person shall be fined as provided in Title 18 or imprisoned not more than

      one year or both." A year later, in a closed House-Senate conference on an unrelated military bill, McCain, at the behest of the Pentagon, attached a crippling amendment to the act, stripping out its only enforcement teeth,

      the criminal penalties, and reducing the obligations of commanders in the field to speedily search for missing men and to report the incidents to the Pentagon.

                          About the relaxation of POW/MIA obligations on commanders in the field, a public McCain memo said: "This transfers the bureaucracy involved out of the [battle] field to Washington ." He wrote that the original legislation,

      if left intact, "would accomplish nothing but create new jobs for lawyers  and turn military commanders into clerks."

                          McCain argued that keeping the criminal penalties would have made it impossible for the Pentagon to find staffers willing to work on POW/MIA matters. That's an odd argument to make. Were staffers only "willing to

      work" if they were allowed to conceal POW records? By eviscerating the law, McCain gave his stamp of approval to the government policy of debunking the existence of live POWs.

                          McCain has insisted again and again that all the evidence—documents, witnesses, satellite photos, two Pentagon chiefs' sworn testimony, aborted rescue missions, ransom offers apparently scorned—has been woven together

      by unscrupulous deceivers to create an insidious and unpatriotic myth. He calls it the "bizarre rantings of the MIA hobbyists." He has regularly vilified those who keep trying to pry out classified documents as

      "hoaxers," charlatans," "conspiracy theorists" and "dime-store Rambos."

                          Some of McCain's fellow captives at Hoa Lo prison in Hanoi didn't share his views about prisoners left behind. Before he died of leukemia in 1999,  retired Col. Ted Guy, a highly admired POW and one of the most dogged

      resisters in the camps, wrote an angry open letter to the senator in an MIA newsletter—a response to McCain's stream of insults hurled at MIA activists. Guy wrote: "John, does this [the insults] include Senator Bob

      Smith [a New Hampshire Republican and activist on POW issues] and other concerned elected officials? Does this include the families of the missing where there is overwhelming evidence that their loved ones were 'last

      known alive'? Does this include some of your fellow POWs?"

       DOD denies access to McCain's 1973 debriefing

                          It's not clear whether the taped confession McCain gave to his captors to avoid further torture has played a role in his post-war behavior in the Senate. That confession was played endlessly

      over the prison loudspeaker system at Hoa Lo—to try to break down other  prisoners—and was broadcast over Hanoi 's state radio. Reportedly, he confessed to being a war criminal who had bombed civilian targets. The

      Pentagon has a copy of the confession but will not release it. Also, no outsider I know of has ever seen a non-redacted copy of the debriefing of McCain when he returned from captivity, which is classified but could be

      made public by McCain. (See the Pentagon's rejection of my attempt to obtain records of this debriefing, at left.)

                          All humans have breaking points. Many men undergoing torture give confessions, often telling huge lies so their fakery will be understood by their comrades and their country. Few will fault them. But it was McCain

      who apparently felt he had disgraced himself and his military family. His father, John S. McCain II, was a highly regarded rear admiral then serving as commander of all US forces in the Pacific. His grandfather was also a

      rear admiral.

                          In his bestselling 1999 autobiography, Faith of My Fathers, McCain says he felt bad throughout his captivity because he knew he was being treated more leniently than his fellow POWs, owing to his high-ranking father and

      thus his propaganda value. Other prisoners at Hoa Lo say his captors considered him a prize catch and called him the "Crown Prince," something  McCain acknowledges in the book.

                          Also in this memoir, McCain expresses guilt at having broken under torture  and given the confession. "I felt faithless and couldn't control my despair," he writes, revealing that he made two "feeble" attempts at

      suicide. (In later years, he said he tried to hang himself with his shirt and guards intervened.) Tellingly, he says he lived in "dread" that his father would find out about the confession. "I still wince," he writes,

      "when I recall wondering if my father had heard of my disgrace."

                          He says that when he returned home, he told his father about the confession, but "never discussed it at length"—and the Admiral, who died in 1981, didn't indicate he had heard anything about it before. But he

      had. In the 1999 memoir, the senator writes: "I only recently learned that the tape...had been broadcast outside the prison and had come to the attention of my father."

                          Is McCain haunted by these memories? Does he suppress POW information  because its surfacing would rekindle his feelings of shame? On this  subject, all I have are questions.

                          Many stories have been written about McCain's explosive temper, so volcanic that colleagues are loathe to speak openly about it. One veteran congressman who has observed him over the years asked for confidentiality

      and made this brief comment: "This is a man not at peace with himself."

                          He was certainly far from calm on the Senate POW committee. He browbeat expert witnesses who came with information about unreturned POWs. Family members who have personally faced McCain and pressed him to end         the secrecy also have been treated to his legendary temper. He has screamed at them, insulted them, brought women to tears. Mostly his responses to them have been versions of: How dare you question my patriotism? In 1996, he

      roughly pushed aside a group of POW family members who had waited outside a hearing room to appeal to him, including a mother in a wheelchair.

                          But even without answers to what may be hidden in the recesses of McCain's mind, one thing about the POW story is clear: If American prisoners were dishonored by being written off and left to die, that's something the

      American public ought to know about.

      10 Key Pieces of Evidence That Men Were Left Behind

       New York Times, Feb. 2, 1973

                          1. In Paris , where the Vietnam peace treaty was negotiated, the United States asked Hanoi for the list of American prisoners to be returned, fearing that Hanoi would hold some prisoners

      back. The North Vietnamese refused, saying they would produce the list only after the treaty was signed. Nixon agreed with Kissinger that they had no leverage left, and Kissinger signed the accord on January 27, 1973,

      without the prisoner list. When Hanoi produced its list of 591 prisoners the next day, US intelligence agencies expressed shock at the low number.  Their number was hundreds higher. The New York Times published a long,

      page-one story on February 2, 1973, about the discrepancy, especially raising questions about the number of prisoners held in Laos , only nine of whom were being returned. The headline read, in part: "Laos POW List Shows

      9 from US —Document Disappointing to Washington as 311 Were Believed Missing." And the story, by John Finney, said that other Washington officials "believe the number of prisoners [in Laos ] is probably

      substantially higher." The paper never followed up with any serious investigative reporting—nor did any other mainstream news organization.

                          2. Two defense secretaries who served during the Vietnam War testified to the Senate POW committee in September 1992 that prisoners were not returned. James Schlesinger and Melvin Laird, both speaking at a public

      session and under oath, said they based their conclusions on strong intelligence data—letters, eyewitness reports, even direct radio contacts.  Under questioning, Schlesinger chose his words carefully, understanding

      clearly the volatility of the issue: "I think that as of now that I can come to no other conclusion...some were left behind." This ran counter to what President Nixon told the public in a nationally televised speech on

      March 29, 1973, when the repatriation of the 591 was in motion: "Tonight,"  Nixon said, "the day we have all worked and prayed for has finally come.  For the first time in twelve years, no American military forces are in

       Vietnam . All our American POWs are on their way home." Documents unearthed since then show that aides had already briefed Nixon about the contrary evidence.

                          Schlesinger was asked by the Senate committee for his explanation of why President Nixon would have made such a statement when he knew Hanoi was still holding prisoners. He replied: "One must assume that we had

      concluded that the bargaining position of the United States ...was quite weak. We were anxious to get our troops out and we were not going to roil the waters..." This testimony struck me as a bombshell. The New York Times

      appropriately reported it on page one but again there was no sustained follow-up by the Times or any other major paper or national news outlet.

                          3. Over the years, the DIA received more than 1,600 first-hand sightings of live American prisoners and nearly 14,000 second-hand reports. Many witnesses interrogated by CIA or Pentagon intelligence agents were deemed

      "credible" in the agents' reports. Some of the witnesses were given lie-detector tests and passed. Sources provided me with copies of these witness reports, which are impressive in their detail. A lot of the

      sightings described a secondary tier of prison camps many miles from Hanoi . Yet the DIA, after reviewing all these reports, concluded that they "do not constitute evidence" that men were alive.

                          4. In the late 1970s and early 1980s, listening stations picked up messages in which Laotian military personnel spoke about moving American prisoners from one labor camp to another. These listening posts were

      manned by Thai communications officers trained by the National Security Agency (NSA), which monitors signals worldwide. The NSA teams had moved out after the fall of Saigon in 1975 and passed the job to the Thai

      allies. But when the Thais turned these messages over to Washington , the intelligence community ruled that since the intercepts were made by a "third party"—namely Thailand —they could not be regarded as authentic.

      That's some Catch-22: The US trained a third party to take over its role in monitoring signals about POWs, but because that third party did the monitoring, the messages weren't valid.

                          Here, from CIA files, is an example that clearly exposes the farce. On December 27, 1980, a Thai military signal team picked up a message saying that prisoners were being moved out of Attopeu (in southern Laos ) by

      aircraft "at 1230 hours." Three days later a message was sent from the CIA station in Bangkok to the CIA director's office in Langley . It read, in part: "The prisoners...are now in the valley in permanent location (a

      prison camp at Nhommarath in Central Laos ). They were transferred from Attopeu to work in various places...POWs were formerly kept in caves and are very thin, dark and starving." Apparently the prisoners were real. But

      the transmission was declared "invalid" by Washington because the information came from a "third party" and thus could not be deemed credible.

                          5. A series of what appeared to be distress signals from Vietnam and Laos were captured by the government's satellite system in the late 1980s and early '90s. (Before that period, no search for such signals had been put

      in place.) Not a single one of these markings was ever deemed credible. To the layman's eye, the satellite photos, some of which I've seen, show markings on the ground that are identical to the signals that American

      pilots had been specifically trained to use in their survival courses—such as certain letters, like X or K, drawn in a special way. Other markings were the secret four-digit authenticator numbers given to individual

      pilots. But time and again, the Pentagon, backed by the CIA, insisted that humans had not made these markings. What were they, then? "Shadows and vegetation," the government said, insisting that the markings were merely

      normal topographical contours like saw-grass or rice-paddy divider walls.  It was the automatic response—shadows and vegetation. On one occasion, a Pentagon photo expert refused to go along. It was a missing man's name

      gouged into a field, he said, not trampled grass or paddy berms. His bosses responded by bringing in an outside contractor who found instead, yes, shadows and vegetation. This refrain led Bob Taylor, a highly

      regarded investigator on the Senate committee staff who had examined the photographic evidence, to comment to me: "If grass can spell out people's names and a secret digit codes, then I have a newfound respect for grass.

                             6. On November 11, 1992, Dolores Alfond, the sister of missing airman Capt. Victor Apodaca and chair of the National Alliance of Families, an organization of relatives of POW/MIAs, testified at one of the Senate

      committee's public hearings. She asked for information about data the government had gathered from electronic devices used in a classified program known as PAVE SPIKE.

                          The devices were motion sensors, dropped by air, designed to pick up enemy troop movements. Shaped on one end like a spike with an electronic pod and  antenna on top, they were designed to stick in the ground as they fell.

      Air Force planes would drop them along the Ho Chi Minh trail and other supply routes. The devices, though primarily sensors, also had rescue capabilities. Someone on the ground—a downed airman or a prisoner on a

      labor gang —could manually enter data into the sensor. All data were    regularly collected electronically by US planes flying overhead. Alfond stated, without any challenge or contradiction by the committee, that in

      1974, a year after the supposedly complete return of prisoners, the gathered data showed that a person or people had manually entered into the sensors—as US pilots had been trained to do—"no less than 20 authenticator

      numbers that corresponded exactly to the classified authenticator numbers of 20 US POWs who were lost in Laos ." Alfond added, according to the transcript: "This PAVE SPIKE intelligence is seamless, but the committee

      has not discussed it or released what it knows about PAVE SPIKE."

                          McCain attended that committee hearing specifically to confront Alfond because of her criticism of the panel's work. He bellowed and berated her for quite a while. His face turning anger-pink, he accused her of

      "denigrating" his "patriotism." The bullying had its effect—she began to cry.

                          After a pause Alfond recovered and tried to respond to his scorching tirade, but McCain simply turned away and stormed out of the room. The PAVE SPIKE file has never been declassified. We still don't know anything

      about those twenty POWs.

                          7. As previously mentioned, in April 1993, in a Moscow archive, a researcher from Harvard, Stephen Morris, unearthed and made public the transcript of a briefing that General Tran Van Quang gave to the Hanoi

      politburo four months before the signing of the Paris peace accords in1973.

                          In the transcript, General Quang told the Hanoi politburo that 1,205 US prisoners were being held. Quang said that many of the prisoners would be held back from Washington after the accords as bargaining chips for war

      reparations. General Quang's report added: "This is a big number. Officially, until now, we published a list of only 368 prisoners of war.  The rest we have not revealed. The government of the USA knows this well,

      but it does not know the exact number...and can only make guesses based on its losses. That is why we are keeping the number of prisoners of war secret, in accordance with the politburo's instructions." The report then

      went on to explain in clear and specific language that a large number would be kept back to ensure reparations.

                          The reaction to the document was immediate. After two decades of denying it had kept any prisoners, Hanoi responded to the revelation by calling the transcript a fabrication.

                          Similarly, Washington —which had over the same two decades refused to recant Nixon's declaration that all the prisoners had been returned—also shifted into denial mode. The Pentagon issued a statement saying the

      document "is replete with errors, omissions and propaganda that seriously damage its credibility," and that the numbers were "inconsistent with our own accounting."

                          Neither American nor Vietnamese officials offered any rationale for who would plant a forged document in the Soviet archives and why they would do so. Certainly neither Washington nor Moscow —closely allied with

      Hanoi —would have any motive, since the contents were embarrassing to all parties, and since both the United States and Vietnam had consistently denied the existence of unreturned prisoners. The Russian archivists

      simply said the document was "authentic."  

                          8. In his 2002 book, Inside Delta Force, Retired Command Sgt. Major Eric Haney described how in 1981 his special forces unit, after rigorous training for a POW rescue mission, had the mission suddenly aborted,

      revived a year later and again abruptly aborted. Haney writes that this abandonment of captured soldiers ate at him for years and left him disillusioned about his government's vows to leave no men behind.  

                          "Years later, I spoke at length with a former highly placed member of the North Vietnamese diplomatic corps, and this person asked me point-blank: 'Why did the Americans never attempt to recover their remaining POWs after

      the conclusion of the war?'" Haney writes. He continued, saying that he came to believe senior government officials had called off those missions in 1981 and 1982. (His account is on pages 314 to 321 of my paperback copy

      of the book.)  

                          9. There is also evidence that in the first months of Ronald Reagan's presidency in 1981, the White House received a ransom proposal for a number of POWs being held by Hanoi in Indochina . The offer, which was

      passed to Washington from an official of a third country, was apparently discussed at a meeting in the Roosevelt Room attended by Reagan, Vice-President Bush, CIA director William Casey and National Security

      Advisor Richard Allen. Allen confirmed the offer in sworn testimony to the Senate POW committee on June 23, 1992.  

                          Allen was allowed to testify behind closed doors and no information was released. But a San Diego Union-Tribune reporter, Robert Caldwell, obtained the portion relating to the ransom offer and reported on it. The

      ransom request was for $4 billion, Allen testified. He said he told Reagan that "it would be worth the president's going along and let's have the negotiation." When his testimony appeared in the Union Tribune, Allen

      quickly wrote a letter to the panel, this time not under oath, recanting the ransom story and claiming his memory had played tricks on him. His new version was that some POW activists had asked him about such an offer in a

      meeting that took place in 1986, when he was no longer in government. "It appears," he said in the letter, "that there never was a 1981 meeting about the return of POW/MIAs for $4 billion."  

                          But the episode didn't end there. A Treasury agent on Secret Service duty in the White House, John Syphrit, came forward to say he had overheard part of the ransom conversation in the Roosevelt Room in 1981, when the

      offer was discussed by Reagan, Bush, Casey, Allen and other cabinet officials.  

                          Syphrit, a veteran of the Vietnam War, told the committee he was willing  to testify but they would have to subpoena him. Treasury opposed his appearance, arguing that voluntary testimony would violate the trust

      between the Secret Service and those it protects. It was clear that coming  in on his own could cost Syphrit his career. The committee voted 7 to 4 not to subpoena him.  

                          In the committee's final report, dated January 13, 1993 (on page 284), the panel not only chastised Syphrit for his failure to testify without a subpoena ("The committee regrets that the Secret Service agent was

      unwilling..."), but noted that since Allen had recanted his testimony about the Roosevelt Room briefing, Syphrit's testimony would have been "at best, uncorroborated by the testimony of any other witness." The committee

      omitted any mention that it had made a decision not to ask the other two surviving witnesses, Bush and Reagan, to give testimony under oath. (Casey had died.)  

                          10. In 1990, Colonel Millard Peck, a decorated infantry veteran of Vietnam then working at the DIA as chief of the Asia Division for Current Intelligence, asked for the job of chief of the DIA's Special Office for

      Prisoners of War and Missing in Action. His reason for seeking the transfer, which was not a promotion, was that he had heard from officials throughout the Pentagon that the POW/MIA office had been turned into a

      waste-disposal unit for getting rid of unwanted evidence about live prisoners—a "black hole," these officials called it.

       Millard A. Peck's Feb. 12, 1991, letter of resignation  

                          Peck explained all this in his telling resignation letter of February 12, 1991, eight months after he had taken the job. He said he viewed it as "sort of a holy crusade" to restore the

      integrity of the office but was defeated by the Pentagon machine. The four-page, single-spaced letter was scathing, describing the putative search for missing men as "a cover-up."  

                          Peck charged that, at its top echelons, the Pentagon had embraced a "mind-set to debunk" all evidence of prisoners left behind. "That national leaders continue to address the prisoner of war and missing in action

      issue as the 'highest national priority,' is a travesty," he wrote. "The entire charade does not appear to be an honest effort, and may never have been....Practically all analysis is directed to finding fault with the

      source. Rarely has there been any effective, active follow through on any of the sightings, nor is there a responsive 'action arm' to routinely and aggressively pursue leads."  

                          "I became painfully aware," his letter continued, "that I was not really in charge of my own office, but was merely a figurehead or whipping boy for a larger and totally Machiavellian group of players outside of DIA...I

      feel strongly that this issue is being manipulated and controlled at a higher level, not with the goal of resolving it, but more to obfuscate the question of live prisoners and give the illusion of progress through

      hyperactivity." He named no names but said these players are "unscrupulous people in the Government or associated with the Government" who "have maintained their distance and remained hidden in the shadows, while using

      the [POW] Office as a 'toxic waste dump' to bury the whole 'mess' out of sight." Peck added that "military officers...who in some manner have 'rocked the boat' [have] quickly come to grief."      

                          Peck concluded: "From what I have witnessed, it appears that any soldier left in Vietnam , even inadvertently, was, in fact, abandoned years ago, and that the farce that is being played is no more than political

      legerdemain done with 'smoke and mirrors' to stall the issue until it dies a natural death."  

                          The disillusioned Colonel not only resigned but asked to be retired immediately from active military service. The press never followed up.  

      My Pursuit of the Story  

                          I covered the war in Cambodia and Vietnam , but came to the POW information only slowly afterward, when military officers I knew from that conflict began coming to me with maps and POW sightings and depositions by

      Vietnamese witnesses.  

                          I was then city editor of the New York Times, no longer involved in foreign or national stories, so I took the data to the appropriate desks and suggested it was material worth pursuing. There were no takers. Some

      years later, in 1991, when I was an op-ed columnist at Newsday, the aforementioned special Senate committee was formed to probe the POW issue.   I saw this as an opening and immersed myself in the reporting.  

                          At Newsday, I wrote thirty-five columns over a two-year period, as well as a four-part series on a trip I took to North Vietnam to report on what happened to one missing pilot who was shot down over the Ho Chi Minh trail

      and captured when he parachuted down. After Newsday, I wrote thousands more words on the subject for other outlets. Some of the pieces were about McCain's key role.  

                          Though I wrote on many subjects for Life, Vanity Fair and Washington Monthly, my POW articles appeared in Penthouse, the Village Voice and APBnews.com. Mainstream publications just weren't interested. Their

      disinterest was part of what motivated me, and I became one of a very short list of journalists who considered the story important.  

                          Serving in the army in Germany during the Cold War and witnessing combat first-hand as a reporter in India and Indochina led me to have great respect for those who fight for their country. To my mind, we dishonored

      US troops when our government failed to bring them home from Vietnam after the 591 others were released—and then claimed they didn't exist. And politicians dishonor themselves when they pay lip service to the bravery

      and sacrifice of soldiers only to leave untold numbers behind, rationalizing to themselves that it's merely one of the unfortunate costs of war.  

                          John McCain—now campaigning for the White House as a war hero, maverick and straight shooter—owes the voters some explanations. The press were long ago wooed and won by McCain's seeming openness, Lone Ranger pose and self-deprecating humor, which may partly explain their ignoring his record

      on POWs. In the numerous, lengthy McCain profiles that have appeared of late in papers like the New York Times, the Washington Post, and the Wall  Street Journal, I may have missed a clause or a sentence along the way,

      but I have not found a single mention of his role in burying information about POWs. Television and radio news programs have been similarly silent. Reporters simply never ask him about it. They didn't when he ran

      unsuccessfully for the Republican nomination in 2000. They haven't now, despite the fact that we're in the midst of another war—a war he supports  and one that has echoes of Vietnam .  

                          The only explanation McCain has ever offered for his leadership on legislation that seals POW files is that he believes the release of such information would only stir up fresh grief for the families of those who

      were never accounted for in Vietnam . Of the scores of POW families I've met over the years, only a few have said they want the books closed without knowing what happened to their men. All the rest say that not

      knowing is exactly what grieves them.  

                          Isn't it possible that what really worries those intent on keeping the POW documents buried is the public disgust that the contents of those files would generate?  

      How the Senate Committee Perpetuated the Debunking  

                          In its early months, the Senate Select Committee on POW/MIA Affairs gave the appearance of being committed to finding out the truth about the MIAs. As time went on, however, it became clear that they were cooperating in

      every way with the Pentagon and CIA, who often seemed to be calling the shots, even setting the agendas for certain key hearings. Both agencies held back the most important POW files. Dick Cheney was the Pentagon chief

      then; Robert Gates, now the Pentagon chief, was the CIA director.  

                          Further, the committee failed to question any living president. Reagan declined to answer questions; the committee didn't contest his refusal. Nixon was given a pass. George H.W. Bush, the sitting president, whose

      prints were all over this issue from his days as CIA chief in the 1970s, was never even approached.  

                          Troubled by these signs, several committee staffers began asking why the agencies they should be probing had been turned into committee partners and decision makers. Memos to that effect were circulated. The staff made

      the following finding, using intelligence reports marked "credible" that covered POW sightings through 1989: "There can be no doubt that POWs were alive...as late as 1989." That finding was never released. Eventually,

      much of the staff was in rebellion. 

       Newsday, Jan. 7, 1993  

                              This internecine struggle (see coverage, at left) continued right up to the committee's last official act—the issuance of its final report. The "Executive Summary," which comprised the first

      forty-three pages—was essentially a whitewash, saying that only "a small number" of POWs could have been left behind in 1973 and that there was little likelihood that any prisoners could still be alive. The Washington

      press corps, judging from its coverage, seems to have read only this air-brushed summary, which had been closely controlled.  

                          But the rest of the 1,221-page Report on POW/MIAs was quite different.  Sprinkled throughout are pieces of hard evidence that directly contradict the summary's conclusions. This documentation established that a

      significant number of prisoners were left behind—and that top government officials knew this from the start. These candid findings were inserted by committee staffers who had unearthed the evidence and were determined not

      to allow the truth to be sugar-coated.  

                          If the Washington press corps did actually read the body of the report and then failed to report its contents, that would be a scandal of its own.  The press would then have knowingly ignored the steady stream of findings

      in the body of the report that refuted the summary and indicated that the number of abandoned men was not small but considerable. The report gave no figures but estimates from various branches of the intelligence community

      ranged up to 600. The lowest estimate was 150.  

                          Highlights of the report that undermine the benign conclusions of the  Executive Summary:

       POW/MIAs Report, pp. 207-209

                          * Pages 207-209: These three pages contain  revelations of what appear to be either massive intelligence failures, or bad intentions—or both. The report says that until the committee brought

      up the subject in 1992, no branch of the intelligence community that dealt  with analysis of satellite and lower-altitude photos had ever been informed of the specific distress signals US personnel were trained to use

      in the Vietnam war, nor had they ever been tasked to look for any such signals at all from possible prisoners on the ground.  

                         The committee decided, however, not to seek a review of old photography,  saying it "would cause the expenditure of large amounts of manpower and money with no expectation of success." It might also have turned up lots

      of distress-signal numbers that nobody in the government was looking for from 1973 to 1991, when the committee opened shop. That would have made it impossible for the committee to write the Executive Summary it seemed

      determined to write.  

                          The failure gets worse. The committee also discovered that the DIA, which kept the lists of authenticator numbers for pilots and other personnel, could not "locate" the lists of these codes for Army, Navy or Marine

      pilots. They had lost or destroyed the records. The Air Force list was the only one intact, as it had been preserved by a different intelligence branch.  

                          The report concluded: "In theory, therefore, if a POW still living in captivity [today], were to attempt to communicate by ground signal, smuggling out a note or by whatever means possible, and he used his

      personal authenticator number to confirm his identity, the US Government would be unable to provide such confirmation, if his number happened to be among those numbers DIA cannot locate."  

                          It's worth remembering that throughout the period when this intelligence disaster occurred—from the moment the treaty was signed in 1973 until 1991—the White House told the public that it had given the search for POWs

      and POW information the "highest national priority."  

       POW/MIAs Report, p. 13  

                          * Page 13: Even in the Executive Summary, the report acknowledges the existence of clear intelligence, made known to  government officials early on, that important numbers of captured US POWs

      were not on Hanoi 's repatriation list. After Hanoi released its list  (showing only ten names from Laos —nine military men and one civilian),  President Nixon sent a message on February 2, 1973, to Hanoi's Prime

      Minister Pham Van Dong. saying: "US records show there are 317 American military men unaccounted for in Laos and it is inconceivable that only ten of these men would be held prisoner in Laos."  

                          Nixon was right. It was inconceivable. Then why did the president, less than two months later, on March 29, 1973, announce on national television that "all of our American POWs are on their way home"?  

                          On April 13, 1973, just after all 591 men on Hanoi's official list had returned to American soil, the Pentagon got into step with the president  and announced that there was no evidence of any further live prisoners in

      Indochina (this is on page 248).      

            POW/MIAs Report, p. 91  

                           *Page 91: A lengthy footnote provides more confirmation of the White House's knowledge of abandoned POWs. The footnote reads:  

                          "In a telephone conversation with Select Committee Vice-Chairman Bob Smith on December 29, 1992, Dr. Kissinger said that he had informed President Nixon during the 60-day period after the peace agreement was signed

      that US intelligence officials believed that the list of prisoners captured in Laos was incomplete. According to Dr. Kissinger, the President responded by directing that the exchange of prisoners on the lists go forward, but

      added that a failure to account for the additional prisoners after Operation Homecoming would lead to a resumption of bombing. Dr. Kissinger said that the President was later unwilling to carry through on this threat."  

                          When Kissinger learned of the footnote while the final editing of the committee report was in progress, he and his lawyers lobbied fiercely through two Republican allies on the panel—one of them was John McCain—to

      get the footnote expunged. The effort failed. The footnote stayed intact.  

       POW/MIAs Report, pp. 85-86  

                          * Pages 85-86: The committee report quotes Kissinger from his memoirs, writing solely in reference to prisoners in Laos: "We knew of at least 80 instances in which an American serviceman

      had been captured alive and subsequently disappeared. The evidence consisted either of voice communications from the ground in advance of capture or photographs and names published by the Communists. Yet none of

      these men was on the list of POWs handed over after the Agreement."  

                          Then why did he swear under oath to the committee in 1992 that he never had any information that specific, named soldiers were captured alive and hadn't been returned by Vietnam?  

       POW/MIAs Report, p. 89  

                          * Page 89: In the middle of the prisoner repatriation and US troop-withdrawal process agreed to in the treaty, when  it became clear that Hanoi was not releasing everyone it held, a furious

      chairman of the Joint Chiefs of Staff, Admiral Thomas Moorer, issued an order halting the troop withdrawal until Hanoi complied with the agreement. He cited in particular the known prisoners in Laos. The order

      was retracted by President Nixon the next day. In 1992, Moorer, by then retired, testified under oath to the committee that his order had received the approval of the President, the national security advisor and the

      secretary of defense. Nixon, however, in a letter to the committee, wrote: "I do not recall directing Admiral Moorer to send this cable."  

                          The report did not include the following information: Behind closed doors, a senior intelligence officer had testified to the POW committee that when Moorer's order was rescinded, the angry admiral sent a "back-channel"

      message to other key military commanders telling them that Washington was abandoning known live prisoners. "Nixon and Kissinger are at it again," he wrote. "SecDef and SecState have been cut out of the loop." In 1973, the

      witness was working in the office that processed this message. His name and his testimony are still classified. A source present for the testimony provided me with this information and also reported that in that same time

      period, Moorer had stormed into Defense Secretary Schlesinger's office and, pounding on his desk, yelled: "The bastards have still got our men."  Schlesinger, in his own testimony to the committee a few months later, was

      asked about—and corroborated—this account.  

       POW/MIAs Report, pp. 95-98  

                          *Pages 95-96: In early April 1973, Deputy Defense Secretary William Clements "summoned" Dr. Roger Shields, then head of the Pentagon's POW/MIA Task Force, to his office to work out "a new public

      formulation" of the POW issue; now that the White House had declared all prisoners to have been returned, a new spin was needed. Shields, under oath, described the meeting to the committee. He said Clements told him:

      "All the American POWs are dead." Shields said he replied: "You can't say that." Clements shot back: "You didn't hear me. They are all dead."  Shields testified that at that moment he thought he was going to be fired,

      but he escaped from his boss's office still holding his job.  

                          *Pages 97-98: A couple of days later, on April 11, 1973, a day before Shields was to hold a Pentagon press conference on POWs, he and Gen. Brent Scowcroft, then the deputy national security advisor, went to the Oval

      Office to discuss the "new public formulation" and its presentation with President Nixon.  

                          The next day, reporters right off asked Shields about missing POWs. Shields fudged his answers. He said: "We have no indications at this time that there are any Americans alive in Indochina." But he went on to say

      that there had not been "a complete accounting" of those lost in Laos and that the Pentagon would press on to account for the missing—a seeming acknowledgement that some Americans were still alive and unaccounted for.  

                          The press, however, seized on Shields' denials. One headline read: "POW Unit Boss: No Living GIs Left in Indochina."  

                          *Page 97: The POW committee, knowing that Nixon taped all his meetings in the Oval Office, sought the tape of that April 11, 1973,  Nixon-Shields-Scowcroft meeting to find out what Nixon had been told and

      what he had said about the evidence of POWs still in Indochina. The committee also knew there had been other White House meetings that centered on intelligence about live POWs. A footnote on page 97 states

      that Nixon's lawyers said they would provide access to the April 11 tape "only if the Committee agreed not to seek any other White House recordings from this time period." The footnote says that the committee rejected

      these terms and got nothing. The committee never made public this request for Nixon tapes until the brief footnote in its 1993 report.  

      McCain's Catch-22  

                          None of this compelling evidence in the committee's full report dislodged  McCain from his contention that the whole POW issue was a concoction by deluded purveyors of a "conspiracy theory. But an honest review of the

      full report, combined with the other documentary evidence, tells the story of a frustrated and angry president, and his national security advisor, furious at being thwarted at the peace table by a small, much less

      powerful country that refused to bow to Washington's terms. That President seems to have swallowed hard and accepted a treaty that left probably hundreds of American prisoners in Hanoi's hands, to be used as bargaining

      chips for reparations.  

                          Maybe Nixon and Kissinger told themselves that they could get the prisoners home after some time had passed. But perhaps it proved too hard to undo a lie as big as this one. Washington said no prisoners were left

      behind, and Hanoi swore it had returned all of them. How could either side later admit it had lied? Time went by and as neither side budged, telling the truth became even more difficult and remote. The public would realize

      that Washington knew of the abandoned men all along. The truth, after men had been languishing in foul prison cells, could get people impeached or thrown in jail.  

                          Which brings us to today, when the Republican candidate for President is the contemporaneous politician most responsible for keeping the truth about his matter hidden. Yet he says he's the right man to be the

      Commander-in-Chief, and his credibility in making this claim is largely based on his image as a POW hero.  

                          On page 468 of the 1,221-page report, McCain parsed his POW position oddly: "We found no compelling evidence to prove that Americans are alive in captivity today. There is some evidence—though no proof—to suggest only  the possibility that a few Americans may have been kept behind after the end of America's military involvement in Vietnam."  

                          "Evidence though no proof." Clearly, no one could meet McCain's standard of proof as long as he is leading a government crusade to keep the truth  buried.  

                          To this reporter, this sounds like a significant story and a long overdue opportunity for the press to finally dig into the archives to set the  historical record straight—and even pose some direct questions to the


Back to Walt's Homepage